How to build your own solar panel system
Solar energy is a rapidly rising sector. With this renewable energy source, electricity may be generated that is environmentally friendly and has a low carbon impact. Additionally, it aids in the reduction of electricity bills.
One obvious advantage of building your ownis that they are significantly less expensive and can be customized to meet your specific energy needs. The steps below outline how to construct a solar panel at home.
A step-by-step tutorial on how to install a solar panel system
1- Assemble solar energy components
It all begins with assembling the basic components of a solar energy system. Solar panels, a charge controller, an inverter, and a battery pack are the four major components.
2- Determine your electrical load
Prior to beginning the solar installation operation, it is critical to calculating the amount of energy consumed at your residence. All you have to do is make a list of the household items you use on a regular basis, such as the television, lights, and fan. Then, add the amount of time that these appliances operate on a daily basis. Examine the specification table for your household electric equipment to determine the period of use or run time, as well as the power rating.
Now determine the ‘Watt-Hour’ rating of an appliance by multiplying its runtime by its power rating.
3- Determine the battery type and charge it
A significant disadvantage of solar energy is that it does not generate electricity once the sunsets. However, by utilizing a battery, you can simply resolve this issue. A lead-acid or lithium-ion battery stores and discharges solar energy generated during the day. This ensures a consistent flow of energy, providing you choose the appropriate battery storage capacity.
4- Install and configure the inverter
Solar arrays generate direct current (DC), whereas electrical appliances operate on alternating current (AC). An inverter is a device that comes in handy since it enables you to utilize electrical devices without adapters.
5- Install theon your roof
Once you’ve assembled the batteries, controller, and inverters, you can begin mounting the solar panels. Choose the optimal location for the panels on the roof or on open land that receives an uninterrupted supply of sunlight.
6- Connect the solar panels to the battery
Solar panels must be connected to the battery. Certain photovoltaic systems include these components pre-paired, eliminating the need for additional work. When a case is not specified as a single unit, series and parallel connections must be made. A series connection is formed by connecting the positive terminal of one device to the negative terminal of another device.
7- Install inverter and battery stands
Without battery and inverter stands, your domestic solar system is incomplete. Again, you can build the stands or purchase them. Once the inverter and battery have been assigned their proper locations, you may begin working on the wiring. Begin by connecting the controller. The controller is connected to the solar panels via the first connection from the left. The second connection is for the battery to be connected to the controller. The last connection is used to connect the controller to the direct DC load.
Following these instructions can assist you in installing a solar energy system at your home. The large installation expenses can be recouped later on, as solar energy is not only environmentally friendly, but also a cost-effective investment.